Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 1688, the 'Cazenove, Marylebone'

Cello: 41432

Bearing its original label.

Back: Two-piece of plain wood with added wings at the upper and lower flanks

Top: made from several pieces

Varnish: Light orange

Length of back: 73 cm

Upper bouts: 34.9 cm

Middle bouts: 22.9 cm

Lower bouts: 43.5 cm

There are 32 additional images in the archive which are not available publicly. Please contact us for more information.


Has been reduced from its original size.

L'Esposizione di Liuteria Antica a Cremona nel 1937, L'Esposizione di Liuteria Antica a Cremona nel 1937, Cremona

"There is only one known decorated Strad cello, the 1696 instrument made for the Spanish court which is currently (and one might presume forever) on display in Madrid's Prado Museum. So Axelrod had the Madrid cello's design made into a transfer and affixed it to the 1688 'Marylebone' cello. Anner Bylsma calls it the 'tattooed cello.'"

Preservation or incarceration, Pierre Ruhe, The Strad, November, 1997, London

"I know that instrument very well because it used to be in London. It had a coat of very pinkish varnish that had been applied by the firm of Betts, about 1790 or 1800: this is something they quite often did to the back, sides, and scrolls. For some reason, they did this less often to the fronts. Although the original ground varnish remains on that particular instrument, there is certainly a nearly 200-year coat of something in between the ground and what Betts put on. I would not, by any means recommend that these things be done, generally, for the very reasons that you say. In this case, I don't think there would be any serious loss to the originality of this instrument in 100 years."

Violin Dealing, Then and Now, Charles Beare, Journal of the Violin Society of America, Vol. X, No. 1, Flushing, NY

"It is named after two of its past proprietors, Mr. James Cazenove, member of a renowned family of financiers, and a Mr. Payne, who lived in Marylebone, an area in London that lent its name to this cello. Alfred Hill described Mr. Payne as a 'somewhat eccentric character', and also deemed the man's vast collection of fine instruments to be composed of 'a considerable number of good, bad and indifferent instruments." – Alessandra Barabaschi

Antonius Stradivarius (Volumes I-IV), Jost Thöne, Jan Röhrmann, Alessandra Barabaschi, Jost Thöne, Jan Röhrmann, Alessandra Barabaschi, Antonius Stradivarius (Volumes I-IV), Cologne


- John Betts
- Harford
- Heinrich Glatz
- Sold by Hamma & Co.
until 1821 James Cazenove
from 1821 Alexander Rivaz
from 1880 Payne
until 1911 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1911 Hamma & Co.
until 1928 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1928 Rudolph Wurlitzer Co.
in 1937 Dr. Gustav Pistor
... ...
in 1985 Dr Herbert R. Axelrod
... ...
from 1997 Smithsonian Institution Museum

Certificates & Documents

  • Certificate: W. E. Hill & Sons, London (1928)
  • Letter: Alfred E. Hill, London (1928) To Mr. Freeman: "It is my impression that this 'cello, originally of large proportions, was reduced in size, in this Country, possibly, by John Betts, at which period, I am inclined to think, the varnish was somewhat touched up; the head, which is quite pure, is particularly fine."

Cozio holds copies of many certificates and other documents, some of which are available to view on request. Please contact us if you wish to view a particular document. (Note that we do not always have permission to share documents.)


  • Antonius Stradivarius (Volumes I-IV), Jost Thöne, Jan Röhrmann, Alessandra Barabaschi, Jost Thöne Verlag, Cologne, 2010 (illustrated)
  • Evelyn & Herbert Axelrod Stringed Instrument Collection, Herbert Axelrod (illustrated)
  • How Many Strads? (1999 edition), Doring, Bein & Fushi, Bein & Fushi, Chicago, 1999
  • Italian Violin Makers (1964), Karel Jalovec, Paul Hamlyn, London, 1964 (illustrated)
  • L'Esposizione di Liuteria Antica a Cremona nel 1937, Comitato Stradivariano, Cremona (illustrated)
  • Meister Italienischer Geigenbaukunst (8th Edition), Hamma & Co., Florian Noetzel Verlag, Wilhelmshaven (illustrated)
  • Meisterwerke Italienischer Geigenbaukunst, Fridolin Hamma, Hamma & Co., Stuttgart (illustrated)
  • The Strad, November, 1997, Pierre Ruhe, Orpheus, London
  • Private Archives - 10072
  • The Dr. Herbert Axelrod Stradivari Quartet, Jacques Français, New York (illustrated)
  • Violin Iconography of Antonio Stradivari 1644-1737, Herbert K. Goodkind, Larchmont, NY (illustrated)
  • Journal of the Violin Society of America, Vol. X, No. 1, Charles Beare, The Queens College Press, Flushing, NY
  • We Love Stradivari, NHK (illustrated)


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