Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 1708, the 'Empress Caterina'

Violin: 41340

Bearing its original label, "Antonius Stradivarius Cremonensis, Faciebat Anno 1708."

Learn more about the instrument's history and provenance.

Back: in one piece of quarter cut maple with medium-width flame descending from the treble bouts.

Top: in two pieces of spruce with narrow-width grain broadening toward the edges.

Ribs: and head of similar wood.

Varnish: of a reddish golden orange-brown color.

Length of back: 35.5 cm

Upper bouts: 16.7 cm

Middle bouts: 10.75 cm

Lower bouts: 20.7 cm

There are 41 additional images in the archive which are not available publicly. Please contact us for more information.


Czarina Elizabeth Petrovna
Empress Caterina of Russia
Adrian Moïsevitch Gribovsky
Ernest-Andre Salzard
Count Dewer
M. M. Zohernoff
Victor Michailavich Freloff
until 1898 Nicholas Frederich Kracht
in 1899 Sold by W. E. Hill & Sons
1899-1910 Mrs Arthur Kendall Stothert
in 1910 Sold by W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1910 Henri Belville
in 1917 Sold by Silvestre & Maucotel
in 1917 Julio de Ygartua
from 1919 Prosper Maurel
in 1921 Sold by Caressa & Français
1921-1945 Professor Leo Guetta
1945-1951 Peggy Guetta Finzi
until 1952 William Moennig & Son
1953-1971 Dr. Jacob Gershon-Cohen
1971-1982 Dr Herbert R. Axelrod
from 1982 Anonymous
until 2023 Anonymous
in 2023 Sold by Tarisio
from 2023 Current owner

Certificates & Documents

  • Certificate: Tarisio, New York, NY (2023)
  • Certificate: William Moennig & Son, Philadelphia, PA (1952)
  • Certificate: Rembert Wurlitzer Inc., New York, NY (1951)
  • Certificate: Pierre Vidoudez, Geneva (1946)
  • Certificate: Caressa & Français, Paris (1921)
  • Certificate: Silvestre & Maucotel, Paris (1917)
  • Dendrochronology report: Peter Ratcliff, London A dendrochronology examination dated the latest annual rings for the treble and bass sides of the top to 1700 and 1702 respectively. Significant cross matches were found with the 1713 ‘Rothschild-Kux’, 1719 ‘Rappoldi’, 1718 ‘Szekely’, 1715 ‘Alard’, 1714 ‘ex-Joachim’, 1712 ‘Hrimaly’, 1716 ‘Baron Wittgenstein’ and others. Printed report available for purchase upon request.

Cozio holds copies of many certificates and other documents, some of which are available to view on request. Please contact us if you wish to view a particular document. (Note that we do not always have permission to share documents.)


  • Antonius Stradivarius (Volumes I-IV), Jost Thöne, Jan Röhrmann, Alessandra Barabaschi, Jost Thöne Verlag, Cologne, 2010 (illustrated)
  • Evelyn & Herbert Axelrod Stringed Instrument Collection, Herbert Axelrod (illustrated)
  • How Many Strads? (1999 edition), Doring, Bein & Fushi, Bein & Fushi, Chicago, 1999
  • L'Esposizione di Liuteria Antica a Cremona nel 1937, Comitato Stradivariano, Cremona (illustrated)
  • Private Archives - 10746
  • Private Papers
  • Caressa & Francais Notebook (c1900 - 1936), part of the Jacques Francais Collection at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC
  • The Way They Play: Book 2, Samuel and Sada Applebaum, Paganinianana Publications, Neptune City, NJ (illustrated)


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