Bartolomeo Giuseppe Guarneri 'del Gesù', Cremona, 1739, the 'Ebersholt, Menuhin'

Violin: 40595

Bearing its original label, "Joseph Guarnerius fecit Cremonae Anno 1739", the last two digits added by hand.

Back: One-piece of medium curl ascending very slightly from left to right

Top: of fine grain in the center, opening out towards the flanks

Scroll: of much fainter curl

Ribs: of curl similar to back

Varnish: Orange-brown

Length of back: 35.2 cm

Upper bouts: 16.7 cm

Middle bouts: 11.2 cm

Lower bouts: 20.5 cm


until 1906 Caressa & Français
1906-1972 Juliette Ebersholt
1972-1978 Yehudi Menuhin
in 1978 Sold by Sotheby's
from 1978 Peter Biddulph
until 1980 Jacques Français
from 1980 Dr Herbert R. Axelrod
in 1981 Roberta Kravitz
... ...
in 2002 Current owner

Known players

Joshua Bell, Leila Josefowicz, Mihaela Martin, Nina Beilina, Pavel Berman, Yehudi Menuhin

Certificates & Documents

  • Certificate: Machold Rare Violins, Ltd, Vienna (2005) X-1732.
  • Certificate: Peter Biddulph, London (1992) 0192-2.
  • Certificate: John & Arthur Beare, London (1981)
  • Certificate: Jacques Français, New York, NY (1980) #3065.
  • Letter: Yehudi Menuhin (1978) To Peter Biddulph.

Cozio holds copies of many certificates and other documents, some of which are available to view on request. Please contact us if you wish to view a particular document. (Note that we do not always have permission to share documents.)


  • Evelyn & Herbert Axelrod Stringed Instrument Collection, Herbert Axelrod (illustrated)
  • Four Centuries of Violin Making: Fine Instruments from the Sotheby's Archive, Sotheby's, Sotheby's, Boston (illustrated)
  • Instrumente der Sammlung Dr. Herbert R. und Evelyn Axelrod, Kunsthistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna (illustrated)
  • Leila Josefowicz: Portrait of a Woman with Violin
  • The Strad, November, 1978, Robert Lewin, London (illustrated)
  • Ole Bull 2010: Guarneri del Gesu Collection, John Dilworth, Bergen (illustrated)
  • Sotheby's Highly Important Musical Instruments Auction Catalog, November 8-9, 1978, London, Sotheby's, Sotheby's, London (illustrated)
  • Sotheby's Photo Archive
  • The Jacques Français Rare Violins, Inc. Photographic Archive and Business Records, 1844-1998, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC (illustrated)
  • The Violin Book, Bafalon, London (illustrated)


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