Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 1690, the 'Medici, Tuscan'


Violin: 40238

Back: One-piece

Varnish: orange-brown

Length of back: 35.6 cm

Upper bouts: 17 cm

Lower bouts: 21 cm


Notes:

"No more unique example of his unrivalled finish of work exists than the 'Tuscan' violin, made in 1690. It stands alone." (p. 41)

Antonio Stradivarius: His Life & Work, W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, Antonio Stradivari: His Life & Work (1644-1737), London


"Of all the violins made in the period previous to 1704, the "Tuscan" represents most perfectly the greatness of his ability. The bold, original style, perfect technical workmanship, and splendid all-round tone, completely convince one for the first time of his great skill and originality. The tonal characteristics of this fine and perfectly preserved violin are a woody and intensely brilliant quality, clear and resonant as a bell-but without a trace of metallic shrillness-and a sonority made remarkably telling by the brilliancy of the quality. We remember Joachim's first acquaintance with the "Tuscan "- how, after playing a few passages on it, he stopped and exclaimed, "Listen ! how it rings!" then, after again preluding, "How pure and brilliant! I was led to believe that the tone was unsatisfactory. How is it possible for anybody to have come to such a conclusion? Surely they could not have tried it.""

Antonio Stradivarius: His Life & Work, W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, Antonio Stradivari: His Life & Work (1644-1737), London


This instrument probably belonged to the quintet ordered in 1684 by the Marquis Ariberti to be presented to Prince Ferdinand, son of the Grand Duke of Tuscany. In 1891, W. E. Hills & Sons published a monograph about this instrument.

Capolavori di Antonio Stradivari, Charles Beare, Charles Beare, Capolavori di Antonio Stradivari, Milan


"In 1845 this violin was rescued from a fire and later was taken to Vuillaume, Paris, for repairs."

The Violin Gallery, George A. Dissmore, The Violin Gallery, Des Moines, IA

Provenance

in 1690 Marquis Ariberti
1690 - 1737 Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo III de Medici
1737 - 1794 Tuscan State
from 1794 David Ker
in 1870 Ricardo
... ...
1888 - 1889 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1889 Robert E. Brandt
from 1904 Charles James Oldham
until 1907 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1907 Robert E. Brandt
- Eric H. Rose
until 1908 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1908 Frederic Smith
until 1916 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1916 Richard Bennett
until 1933 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1933 George H. Kemp
1940 - 1953 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1953 Museo Strumentale of the Accademia Nazionale di S Cecilia

Known players

Gioconda de Vito

References

  • Antonio Stradivari: His Life & Work (1644-1737), W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, William E. Hill & Sons, London, 1902 (illustrated)
  • Antonio Stradivari: His Life & Work (1644-1737), W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, William E. Hill & Sons, London (illustrated)
  • Antonius Stradivarius (Balfoort), Dirk J. Balfoort, The Continental Book Company, Stockholm (illustrated)
  • Capolavori di Antonio Stradivari, Charles Beare, Arnoldo Mondadori S.p.A., Milan (illustrated)
  • How Many Strads?, 1999
  • Italian Violin Makers (1964), Karel Jalovec, Paul Hamlyn, London (illustrated)
  • The Strad, December, 1987, John Dilworth, London (illustrated)
  • Stradivarius-Guarnerius del Gesù: Catalogue descriptif de leurs instruments
  • Stradivari’s Medici Quintet, part 1, Alessandra Barabaschi https://tarisio.com/cozio-archive/cozio-carteggio/stradivari-medici-quintet-part-1/ (illustrated)
  • Stradivari’s Medici Quintet, part 3, Alessandra Barabaschi https://tarisio.com/cozio-archive/cozio-carteggio/stradivaris-medici-quintet-part-3/ (illustrated)
  • The Amadeus Book of the Violin
  • The Tuscan and Le Messie, W. E. Hill & Sons, London (illustrated)
  • The Violin Gallery, George A. Dissmore, Des Moines, IA (illustrated)
  • Violin Iconography of Antonio Stradivari 1644-1737, Herbert K. Goodkind, Larchmont, NY (illustrated)
  • W. E. Hill Business Records (1850 - 1990)

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