Andrea Guarneri, Cremona, 1697, the 'Primrose, Lord Harrington'


Viola: 32420

Labelled, "Andreas Guarnerius fecit Cremona sub titolo Sanctae Teresiae 1697."

Showing the hand of Joseph Guarneri 'Filius Andrea'.

Back: One-piece, cut on the slab, showing prominent slab markings and small knot formations in the upper area; there are original wings in all four flanks

Top: of spruce, with a broad grain at the center, narrowing and then broadening again at the flanks

Scroll: original, quarter-cut, with medium-narrow wavy flames

Ribs: of maple cut on the slab, with medium-narrow wavy flames

Varnish: Golden orange

Length of back: 41.3 cm

Upper bouts: 19.3 cm

Middle bouts: 13.4 cm

Lower bouts: 24.5 cm

There are 29 additional images in the archive which are not available publicly. Please contact us for more information.


Notes:

"However, even though the Primrose viola, which bears its original label of 1697, carries the name of Andrea, the work is clearly that of his youngest son Giuseppe Giovanni Battista Guarneri, generally known as Joseph 'filius' Andrea."

The "Primrose", Robert Bein & Geoffrey Fushi, Bein & Fushi, Inc., Chicago, 1983


"After due consideration I attacked pyramid No. 1 [from the Gillott's collection], from which I saw a head protruding which augured well for the body, and led me to think it belonged to the higher walks of Fiddle-life. With considerable care I withdrew it from the heap, and gently rubbed the dust off here and there, that I might judge of its breeding. It needed but little rubbing to make known its character; it was a Viola by Giuseppe Guarneri, filius Andreæ, a charming specimen (now in the ownership of the Earl of Harrington)."

The Violin: Its Famous Makers and their Imitators, George Hart, Dulau & Co., London, 1885

Provenance

until 1872 Joseph Gillott
in 1872 Sold by Christie's
1872 - 1925 Charles Windham Stanhope, 7th Earl of Harrington
in 1920 Sold by Puttick & Simpson
until 1925 W. E. Hill & Sons
... ...
in 1931 Antonio Antoncich
until 1955 Rembert Wurlitzer Inc.
1954 - 1982 William Primrose
until 1978 Gary Vanosdale
- Sold by Bein & Fushi, Inc
in 2004 Anonymous
... ...
in 2013 Current owner

Known players

William Primrose

Certificates & Documents

  • Certificate: Bein & Fushi, Inc, Chicago, IL (1994)
  • Letter: Rembert Wurlitzer Inc., New York, NY (1975)
  • Letter: Arthur Phillips Hill, London (1958) To William Primrose: "It is quite a fine example of the maker whose violas are extremely rare; we have not come across more than three in the whole course of our experience. We would add that we recognize the handiwork of Andrea's son Joseph, concerning whose cooperation with his father we comment upon in our work on the life of the Guarneri family.
  • Certificate: W. E. Hill & Sons, London (1925)
  • Letter: W. E. Hill & Sons, London (1925)
  • Certificate: Bein & Fushi, Inc, Chicago, IL

Cozio holds copies of many certificates and other documents, some of which are available to view on request. Please contact us if you wish to view a particular document. (Note that we do not always have permission to share documents.)

References

  • http://www.bartruff.com/
  • The Strad 1996 Calendar, 1995 (illustrated)
  • Bein & Fushi 1996 Calendar, Bein & Fushi, Inc, Bein & Fushi, Chicago, 1996 (illustrated)
  • Mr. Gillott's Collection, April 30, 1872
  • The Strad, August, 2004, Claudine Bigelow, London, 2004 (illustrated)
  • The "Primrose", Robert Bein & Geoffrey Fushi, Bein & Fushi, Inc., Chicago, 1983 (illustrated)
  • Journal of the Violin Society of America, Vol. V, No. 1, Maurice W. Riley, The Queens College Press, Flushing, New York, 1978 (illustrated)
  • The first star of the viola
  • The History of the Viola, Volume I, Maurice W. Riley, 1980 (illustrated)
  • The Violin Makers of the Guarneri Family, W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, William E. Hill & Sons, London, 1931 (illustrated)
  • The Violin: Its Famous Makers and their Imitators, George Hart, Dulau & Co., London, 1885
  • W. E. Hill Business Records (1850 - 1990)

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