Enrico Cattenar, Turin, c. 1700

Violin: 22086

Labeled, "Nicolaus Amatus Cremonensis, Hyeronimi filii, ac Antonii Nepos, fecit anno 1646."

Formerly known as a Girolamo Amati II, the 'Mussolini'

Back: One-piece of narrow curl

Top: of medium grain

Scroll: of medium curl

Ribs: of medium curl

Varnish: Gold brown

Length of back: 35.1 cm

There are 2 additional images in the archive which are not available publicly. Please contact us for more information.


"In Herrmann's vault is a violin labelled 'Nicolo Amati, 1646,' which is known to have been made by his less famous son, Girolamo. It was the favorite violin of Benito Mussolini, who always thought he had a genuine Nicolo Amati."

Trustee in Fiddledale - II, Joseph Wechsberg, The New Yorker, October 24, 1953


- Benito Mussolini
until 1955 Emil Herrmann
from 1955 John Burnett
in 1979 Current owner

Certificates & Documents

  • Certificate: Kenneth Warren & Son, Chicago, IL (1979)
  • Certificate: Emil Herrmann (1955) #1258. Dates the instrument 1695c.
  • Certificate: Kenneth Warren & Son, Chicago, IL

Cozio holds copies of many certificates and other documents, some of which are available to view on request. Please contact us if you wish to view a particular document. (Note that we do not always have permission to share documents.)


  • Christie's Musical Instruments Auction Catalog, May 5, 2000, New York, Christie's, Christie's (illustrated)
  • Private Papers
  • The Jacques Français Rare Violins, Inc. Photographic Archive and Business Records, 1844-1998, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. (illustrated)
  • The Violin: Its physical and acoustic properties
  • The New Yorker, October 24, 1953, Joseph Wechsberg


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