Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 1720, the 'General Kyd'

Violin: 41490

Bearing its original label.

Back: Two-piece

Length of back: 35.2 cm

Upper bouts: 16.6 cm

Middle bouts: 10.75 cm

Lower bouts: 20.45 cm

There is 1 additional image in the archive which is not available publicly. Please contact us for more information.


in c. 1794 General Alexander Kyd
- Andrew Waddell
- William Waddell
in 1887 John Gordon Esq
c. 1890 - 1909 Mrs. Liddle
1909 - 1922 Percy Miles
1922 - 1936 Rebecca Clarke
from 1936 Emil Herrmann, New York
in 1938 Mischa Mischakoff
... ...
1978 - 2010 Etsuko Hirose
in 2010 Current owner

Known players

Caroline Goulding, Mischa Mischakoff

Certificates & Documents

  • Certificate: Emil Herrmann, New York, New York, NY (1938) No. 761.
  • Certificate: W. E. Hill & Sons, London (1931)

Cozio holds copies of many certificates and other documents, some of which are available to view on request. Please contact us if you wish to view a particular document. (Note that we do not always have permission to share documents.)


  • Antonio Stradivari in Japan, Shinichi Yokoyama, Gakken, Tokyo (illustrated)
  • Antonio Stradivari: His Life & Work (1644-1737), W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, William E. Hill & Sons, London, 1902
  • Antonius Stradivarius (Volumes I-IV), Jost Thöne, Jan Röhrmann, Alessandra Barabaschi, Jost Thöne Verlag, Cologne, 2010 (illustrated)
  • Caroline Goulding | Violinist
  • Correspondence with family of Percy Miles, 19 Feb 2019
  • The Jacques Français Rare Violins, Inc. Photographic Archive and Business Records, 1844-1998, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC (illustrated)
  • The Stradivarius Memorial Association
  • Violin Iconography of Antonio Stradivari 1644-1737, Herbert K. Goodkind, Larchmont, NY (illustrated)
  • We Love Stradivari, NHK (illustrated)


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