Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 1690, the 'Theodor'

Violin: 41446

Bearing its original label, "Antonius Stradivarius Cremonensis Faciebat Anno 1690."

Back: One-piece of medium curl descending from left to right

Top: of fine grain, broadening slightly towards the flanks

Scroll: later, of medium curl

Ribs: of curl similar to back

Varnish: Red-brown

Length of back: 36.0 cm

Upper bouts: 16.8 cm

Middle bouts: 11.2 cm

Lower bouts: 20.8 cm

There are 8 additional images in the archive which are not available publicly. Please contact us for more information.


"In a private note, Alfred Hill indicated that he first saw the violin in 1890 in the possession of Mrs. Iska Theodor and was told her father had bought it in 1881 from the German luthier A. Riechers of Berlin for 8,000 DM." – Alessandra Barabaschi

Antonius Stradivarius (Volumes I-IV), Jost Thöne, Jan Röhrmann, Alessandra Barabaschi, Jost Thöne, Jan Röhrmann, Alessandra Barabaschi, Antonius Stradivarius (Volumes I-IV), Cologne


- August Riechers
in 1890 Mrs Iska Theodor
until 1938 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1940 Jan Hambourg
from 1943 Rudolph Wurlitzer Co.
from 1944 Louise M. Behrend
until 1964 Jacques Français
from 1964 Mrs. Jeanette Medina
until 1989 Jacques Français
from 1989 Current owner

Certificates & Documents

  • Certificate: Rudolph Wurlitzer Co., New York, NY (1943) Signed by Rembert Wurlitzer.
  • Certificate: W. E. Hill & Sons, London (1938)
  • Certificate: Jacques Français, New York, NY #3136.

Cozio holds copies of many certificates and other documents, some of which are available to view on request. Please contact us if you wish to view a particular document. (Note that we do not always have permission to share documents.)


  • Antonius Stradivarius (Volumes I-IV), Jost Thöne, Jan Röhrmann, Alessandra Barabaschi, Jost Thöne Verlag, Cologne, 2010 (illustrated)
  • How Many Strads? (1999 edition), Doring, Bein & Fushi, Bein & Fushi, Chicago, 1999
  • Reuning & Son Violins – Connoisseurs and Dealers in Violins, Violas, 'Cellos and Their Bows
  • Sotheby's Musical Instruments Auction Catalog, November 22-23, 1989, London, Sotheby's, Sotheby's, London (illustrated)
  • The Jacques Français Rare Violins, Inc. Photographic Archive and Business Records, 1844-1998, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC (illustrated)
  • Violin Iconography of Antonio Stradivari 1644-1737, Herbert K. Goodkind, Larchmont, NY (illustrated)


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