Carlo Bergonzi I, Cremona, 1733, the 'Tschudi, Martzy, Salabue, Tarisio'


Violin: 40685

Original label

Back: One-piece with broad flames

Length of back: 35.3 cm

Upper bouts: 16.7 cm

Middle bouts: 10.7 cm

Lower bouts: 20.5 cm

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Notes:

"In the illustrated booklet he lovingly published on the Bergonzi in 1942 (150 numbered copies), Daniel states that it was ’acknowledged as the finest example known’. Indeed it was one of the famed Luigi Tarisio’s six favorite violins, bought by Vuillaume in 1854."

Cubic Circle home page


Count Cozio's notes, June 1801: "Description: one-piece back, wide and even grain. The sides are also made of the same wood. Reinforced button that is two-thirds of a circle. The neck is of good work. The scroll is well carved on the front and fluted in the back, but it is pushed backwards too much so that it seems deformed. It is worth noting that both this and the other instruments have a longer neck than compared to Stradivari's. The sides are also higher near the neck and in back. This differs from the style of Stradivari and Amati. The neck is too raised and a little difficult to play. The scroll shape is defective. [. . .] transparent oil red varnish, like Stradivari's. [. . .] . Neck and pegs are still in the old style, and the neck is longer than in Stradivari's. Large model with well made F-holes in Stradivari's style, but not fluted in the lower part. Good craftsmanship, except for the four corners which are too sharp and have edges. Low arching. The sides have little curve near the neck and back. This is one of the best instruments by this maker. It is worth at least 36 zecchini. On June 1801,1 asked Mantegazza to raise the neck, to take out some linings that have worm holes and put in a new veneered fingerboard. I have also asked to take away some of the deformities of the risvolto at the bottom." (p. 216)

Memoirs of a Violin Collector: Count Ignazio Alessandro Cozio di Salabue, Memoirs of a Violin Collector: Count Ignazio Alessandro Cozio di Salabue, Baltimore


Cozio's Notes, May 30, 1816: "Measurements of my largest and best violin made by Carlo Bergonzi in 1733, to which I made the four long curves smoother. Measurements taken by the compass including the outline, as above. Purfling is quite thin. One-piece back. Beautiful grain. The strongest that I have owned and that I have ever heard. The black line of purfling should be in paper. . . ." (p. 240)

Memoirs of a Violin Collector: Count Ignazio Alessandro Cozio di Salabue, Memoirs of a Violin Collector: Count Ignazio Alessandro Cozio di Salabue, Baltimore

Provenance

until 1776 Giovanni Battista Cabrinetti
1776 - 1840 Count Ignazio Alessandro Cozio di Salabue
1840 - 1841 Countess Matilde Cozio di Salabue
1841 - 1854 Luigi Tarisio
from 1855 Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume
- Hugo Wehrle
- Julius Schoming
in 1904 Carl Hermann Voigt
... ...
in 1920 Baron von Liebig
until 1936 Hug & Co.
... ...
in 1949 Daniel Tschudi
- Johanna Martzy
- Sabina Tschudi
- Sold by Pierre Gerber
- Swiss Foundation
in 2003 Current owner

Known players

Johanna Martzy, Julius Schloming

References

  • Antonius Stradivarius (Balfoort), Dirk J. Balfoort, The Continental Book Company, Stockholm (illustrated)
  • Carlo Bergonzi of Cremona - Part VI
  • Carlo Bergonzi Violin 1733, Eric Blot, Eric Blot Edizioni, Cremona (illustrated)
  • Carlo Bergonzi: A Cremonese Master Unveiled, Christopher Reuning, editor, Consorzio Liutai Antonio Stradivari, Cremona (illustrated)
  • Cubic Circle home page
  • Meister Italienischer Geigenbaukunst (8th Edition), Walter Hamma, Florian Noetzel Verlag, Wilhelmshaven (illustrated)
  • Memoirs of a Violin Collector: Count Ignazio Alessandro Cozio di Salabue, Brandon Frazier, Baltimore
  • Violins & Violinists (1969), Franz Farga, Frederick A Prager, New York (illustrated)
  • W. E. Hill & Sons Photographic Archive (illustrated)

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