Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 1683, the 'Martinelli, Gingold'


Violin: 40473

Back: One-piece cut on the half slab

Top: of medium grain

Ribs: right bottom side not original

Varnish: Light brown, retouched

Length of back: 35.7 cm

Upper bouts: 16.8 cm

Middle bouts: 114 cm

Lower bouts: 21.9 cm


Notes:

"One of the most esteemed violinist-educators in America, Josef Gingold held the first violin chair in the NBC Symphony Orchestra under Arturo Toscanini and later taught top-notch violinists at Indiana University.

Before his death in 1995, Gingold gave the violin--known as the "Martinelli" -- to his son, George. Three years later, the younger Gingold brought the instrument into the fashionable shop of dealer Rene Morel, on West 54th Street in Manhattan, wondering what it was worth.

Morel, who comes from a long line of highly regarded French violinmakers and restorers, made precise measurements of the violin and pointed out that cosmetic work was needed.

He said the violin sounded sweet but lacked the heft required of a concert violin that might be used in the world's largest auditoriums. Morel added that the violin normally would be worth $800,000, but since it had been owned by the great Josef Gingold, Morel could price it at $1.25 million, according to George Gingold, who provided his version of the deal in a federal court case.

Morel told Gingold that he usually takes a 20 percent commission, but would guarantee $1 million, a price Gingold accepted.

Gingold later ran across a newspaper article reporting that Morel had sold the instrument to the International Violin Competition of Indianapolis for $1.6 million, a 60 percent markup.

Gingold sued. In their defense, Morel and his new partner, Emmanuel Gradoux-Matt, showed that Gingold had signed an agreement to guarantee his cut to be $1 million, no matter the sale price. Gingold disputed the contract.

A federal judge in March rejected a motion by the attorneys for Morel and Gradoux-Matt's firm to dismiss the suit.

The judge cited the more than one-third sales commission, writing that Gingold "could recover under a theory of unjust enrichment" and that "the jury could well find this amount exceeded the reasonable value" of the violin dealer's services.

Soon after, the parties reached an agreement that they will not disclose, though the violin remains in the possession of the Indianapolis group."

Provenance

from 1890 Captinao Martinelli
until 1903 Hamma & Co.
1903 - 1893 Lyon & Healy
... ...
from 1903 J. E. Greiner
- R. Cliff Durant
1921 - 1924 Albert H. Wallace
from 1924 Jacques Gordon
from 1928 David Mackie
1946 - 1995 Josef Gingold
1995 - 1998 George Gingold
from 1998 International Violin Competition of Indianapolis

Known players

Augustin Hadelich, Barnabás Kelemen, Josef Gingold, Judith Ingolffsson

Certificates & Documents

  • Certificate: Rudolph Wurlitzer Co., Cincinnati, OH (1947)
  • Certificate: Rudolph Wurlitzer Co., New York, NY (1928)
  • Certificate: W. E. Hill & Sons, London (1926)
  • Certificate: Caressa & Francais, Paris (1904)
  • Certificate: Hamma & Co., Stuttgart (1903)
  • Certificate: Caressa & Francais, Paris (1894)

Cozio holds copies of many certificates and other documents, some of which are available to view on request. Please contact us if you wish to view a particular document. (Note that we do not always have permission to share documents.)

References

  • http://www.augustin-hadelich.de/
  • An Encyclopedia of the Violin (1925), Alberto Bachman, The Library Press Limited, London, 1925
  • How Many Strads
  • Meisterwerke Italienischer Geigenbaukunst, Fridolin Hamma, Hamma & Co., 1932 (illustrated)
  • Part Two of an Interview with Fritz Kreisler
  • The Jacques Français Rare Violins, Inc. Photographic Archive and Business Records, 1844-1998, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
  • The Strad Calendar 2010: Violin Heroes, Newsquest, London, 2009 (illustrated)
  • Violin Iconography of Antonio Stradivari 1644-1737, Herbert K. Goodkind, Larchmont, New York, 1972 (illustrated)

Welcome


You already have a Tarisio account. Please login to continue.

Forgot Password

Sorry, that email and/or password is incorrect, please try again.

Homepage

Welcome


Please register or ​to continue.

Please enter a valid email address.

Homepage

Welcome


Please register or ​to continue.

We have sent you an email.
Please follow the link to confirm your registration.

Homepage