In 1849, Saint-Léon devised and performed, both as dancer and violinist, a piece composed by Pugni entitled "Le Violon du Diable," and this name has stayed with the instrument ever since.
Giuseppe Guarneri del Gesú, Carlos Chiesa, John Dilworth, Roger Graham Hargrave, Stewart Pollens, Duane Rosengard & Eric Wen, Giuseppe Guarneri del Gesú (2 volumes), London
Instrument #93 at the South Kensington Special Exhibition of 1872.
Catalogue of the Special Exhibition at South Kensington, England, Carl Engel, Catalogue of the Special Exhibition at South Kensington, England, London
Charles-Eugène Fau, 1819-1879, may have bought this instrument through his dealer J.B. Vuillaume, after the London exhibition, but Eugène Fau died childless soon afterwards in 1879. His brother, Auguste Fau, 1812-1886, was his légataire universel. The instrument was then inherited in 1886 by Auguste Fau’s son, Émile Fau of Mazamet. W.E. Hill & Son bought the Violon du Diable for 35,000 francs after Émile Fau had died in 1910. They had learned by letter from Mazamet that Fau was seriously ill and that he had already given his Fau 1716 Stradivarius violin to his daughter and the Stradivarius cello, Fau, Castelbarco 1707, to his son Pierre Fau.
Source: a surviving label, hand-written by Fau and tied by string to the Fau 1716.