Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 1700, the 'Cristiani, Stauffer'


Cello: 40271

Original label: "Antonius Stradiuarius Cremonensis / Faciebat Anno 1700"

Back: Two-piece

Length of back: 76.6 cm

Upper bouts: 35.5 cm

Middle bouts: 23.9 cm

Lower bouts: 45.7 cm

There are 49 additional images in the archive which are not available publicly. Please contact us for more information.


Notes:

"A full account of this unique instrument is given in my little book, "The Violoncello: Its History, Selection and Adjustment," I may add, however, that Mr. Lutyens- thinks that the "Cristiani" was made to the order of the Viscomti family. That the instrument was made for some wealthy patron is evident. The splendid wood, the beautiful workmanship, the rich deep plum-red varnish, and the beautiful oneness of the whole conception gives evidence that Stradivari intended this instrument to be equal to, if not better, than any he had previously made. The label gives the date 1700, but the final figure was at one time covered by a small piece of paper bearing the figure 8. So whether the instrument is correctly dated 1700, or whether it is of a slightly later date is an open question. The owner - and I must say the evidence of the instrument itself seems to agree - thinks that the later date is correct."

The 'Cristiani' Strad, Arthur Broadley, The Strad, 1923, London


"The instrument gets its name from Lisa Cristiani, a talented cellist for whom Mendelssohn wrote his 'Song without words' and who tragically died in her twenties. Other celebrated cellist owners were Duport and Hugo Becker. The cello was sold by us in 2006 on behalf of the owners to a European Foundation."


"This violoncello is dated 1700, but at one time a small piece of paper with the figure 8 was pasted over the final figure. It is a matter of conjecture, therefore, whether this instrument is one of the missing violoncellos, notably the 'Violoncello da Venezia.'"

The Violoncello: It's History, Selection and Adjustment, Arthur Broadley, Horace Marshall & Son, London, 1921

Provenance

- Jean Pierre Duport
- Gand & Bernardel, Freres
until 1853 Elise Barbier Cristiani
in 1853 Auguste Sebastien Philippe Bernardel
1853 - 1867 Edouard Benazet
... ...
in 1885 Gand & Bernardel, Freres
1885 - 1894 Hugo Becker
in 1894 Sold by W. E. Hill & Sons
1894 - 1907 Charles James Oldham
- Sold by W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1907 Robert E. Brandt
until 1918 W. E. Hill & Sons
1918 - 1922 Charles B. Lutyens
from 1922 Miss Beatrice Lutyens
until 1936 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1936 Lewis Bruce
- Lewis Bruce's heirs
until 2005 Lewis Bruce's granddaughter
from 2005 Walter Stauffer Musicological Foundation of Cremona (Museo del Violino)

Known players

Elise Barbier Cristiani, Hugo Becker

Certificates & Documents

  • Certificate: John & Arthur Beare, London (2005) CB/A502.
  • Letter: W. E. Hill & Sons, London (1936)

Cozio holds copies of many certificates and other documents, some of which are available to view on request. Please contact us if you wish to view a particular document. (Note that we do not always have permission to share documents.)

References

  • Antonio Stradivari: Violoncello Stauffer ex Cristiani 1700, Consorzio Liutai Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 2009 (illustrated)
  • Antonio Stradivari: His Life & Work (1644-1737), W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, William E. Hill & Sons, London, 1902
  • Antonius Stradivarius (volumes I-IV), Jost Thöne, Jan Röhrmann, Alessandra Barabaschi, Jost Thöne Verlag, Cologne, 2010 (illustrated)
  • Capolavori di Antonio Stradivari, Charles Beare, Arnoldo Mondadori S.p.A., Milan, 1987 (illustrated)
  • I violoncelli di Antonio Stradivari, Bruce Carlson, Conzorzio Liutai Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 2004 (illustrated)
  • J. & A. Beare Newsletter (Spring 2008), 2008 (illustrated)
  • Private Archives - 10072
  • The Strad, 1923, Arthur Broadley, London, January, 1923 (illustrated)
  • Violin Iconography of Antonio Stradivari 1644-1737, Herbert K. Goodkind, Larchmont, New York, 1972 (illustrated)
  • The Violoncello: It's History, Selection and Adjustment, Arthur Broadley, Horace Marshall & Son, London, 1921 (illustrated)
  • W. E. Hill & Sons Photographic Archive (illustrated)
  • W. E. Hill Business Records (1850 - 1990)

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