Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 1679, the 'Hellier'


Violin: 40237

Back: One-piece of broad curl

Top: of fine grain, opening slightly toward the flanks

Scroll: of wood similar to back

Ribs: of wood similar to back, but of narrower curl

Length of back: 35.6 cm

Upper bouts: 16.95 cm

Middle bouts: 11.2 cm

Lower bouts: 21 cm

There are 8 additional images in the archive which are not available publicly. Please contact us for more information.


Notes:

"As regards the dimensions, it differs from any other violin seen by us dated before 1684-85; these proportions were, in fact, never at any later period exceeded. Thus we see that Stradivari was already contemplating that change of proportions to which he was more generally to give effect after 1685. The perfect symmetry of the head, and the position and admirable design and cutting of the "f" holes, are also in advance of any of his contemporaneous work known to us. On the other hand, the model, heavy edge and small purfling are thoroughly characteristic of his early work, and the whole presents a heaviness and solidity of construction such as we may almost venture to say borders on clumsiness. We may here incidentally remark that this violin shows that Stradivari occasionally enjoyed rich patronage previous to 1680, for he received no, ordinary remuneration for the making of such an instrument."

Antonio Stradivarius: His Life & Work, W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, William E. Hill & Sons, London, 1902


The 'Hellier' and the instrument known as the Spanish Stradivari, dated 1679 and 1687 respectively, have backs of broad curl in one piece; the latter is exceptionally handsome, and both are of wood of foreign i.e. non-Italian, growth.

Antonio Stradivarius: His Life & Work, W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, William E. Hill & Sons, London, 1902


Remarkable for its somewhat unusual large proportions and general heaviness of structure.

Antonio Stradivari: His Life & Instruments, William Henley, Amati Publishing, Ltd., Sussex, 1961


One of 10 surviving inlaid instruments by Stradivari.

Capolavori di Antonio Stradivari, Charles Beare, Charles Beare, Arnoldo Mondadori S.p.A., Milan, 1987


On loan to Vienna's Kunsthistorisches Museum since 2004.

Classy Visitors To Vienna Museum, The Strad, January, 2004, London


Instrument #85 in the South Kensington Special Exhibit of 1872.

Catalogue of the Special Exhibition at South Kensington, England, Carl Engel, Catalogue of the Special Exhibition at South Kensington, England, London


Instrument #1081 at the Special Loan Exhibition at Fishmongers Hall, London in 1904.

1904 Loan Exhibition, Catalog for the Special Loan Exhibition of Musical Instruments, Manuscripts, Portraits and other Mementos, Fishmonger's Hall, London


Currently on loan to the Museo del Violino in Cremona.

Provenance

from 1734 Sir Samuel Hellier of Wombourne
- Sir Edward Hellier
in 1872 Colonel Shaw-Hellier
1875 - 1885 George Crompton
1885 - 1890 Charles James Oldham
1890 - 1910 Colonel Shaw-Hellier
1910 - 1912 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1912 Hamma & Co.
until 1925 Oscar Bondy
1925 - 1932 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1932 H. E. Morris
in 1957 Rembert Wurlitzer Inc.
1957 - 1965 Henry Hottinger
1965 - 1979 Rembert Wurlitzer Inc.
from 1979 Thomas M. Roberts
in 1993 Alfredo Halegua
from 1998 Anonymous
from 2014 Current owner

Certificates & Documents

  • Certificate: Machold Rare Violins, New York, NY (1998)
  • Certificate: W. E. Hill & Sons, London (1957)
  • Letter: W. E. Hill & Sons, London (1957)
  • Letter: Rembert Wurlitzer Inc., New York, NY (1957)
  • Certificate: Rembert Wurlitzer Inc., New York, NY (1957)

Cozio holds copies of many certificates and other documents, some of which are available to view on request. Please contact us if you wish to view a particular document. (Note that we do not always have permission to share documents.)

References

  • Catalog for the Special Loan Exhibition of Musical Instruments, Manuscripts, Portraits and other Mementos, Fishmonger's Hall, London, June-July, 1904
  • 1a triennale internazionale degli strumenti ad arco, Cremona, 1976 (illustrated)
  • 36 Famous Italian Violins, Alex Wasinski, Herman Gordon, New York, 1975 (illustrated)
  • A Thousand Mornings of Music, Arnold Gingrich, Crown Publishers, New York, 1970 (illustrated)
  • All Strung Out Over an Antique Violin, August 29, 2003
  • The Strad, September, 1987, Roger Hargrave, London, 1987 (illustrated)
  • Antonio Stradivari and His Instruments, William Henley, Amati Publishing, Ltd., Sussex, 1961
  • Antonio Stradivari: l'estetica sublime, Maurizio Villa, Consorzio Liutai Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 2011 (illustrated)
  • Antonio Stradivari: His Life & Work (1644-1737), W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, William E. Hill & Sons, London, 1902
  • Antonius Stradivarius (Balfoort), Dirk J. Balfoort, The Continental Book Company, Stockholm, 1945 (illustrated)
  • Antonius Stradivarius (volumes I-IV), Jost Thöne, Jan Röhrmann, Alessandra Barabaschi, Jost Thöne Verlag, Cologne, 2010 (illustrated)
  • Evelyn & Herbert Axelrod Stringed Instrument Collection, Herbert Axelrod, 2002 (illustrated)
  • Beautiful Italian Violins, Karel Jalovec, Paul Hamlyn, London, 1963 (illustrated)
  • Berühmte Geigen und ihre Schicksale, P. J. Tonger, Köln, 1919 (illustrated)
  • Capolavori di Antonio Stradivari, Charles Beare, Arnoldo Mondadori S.p.A., Milan, 1987 (illustrated)
  • Catalogue of the Special Exhibition at South Kensington, England, Carl Engel, London, 1872
  • The Strad, January, 2004, London, 2004
  • Cremona in Seoul: 1962-1993, The Andrea Bang Hall of String & Natural Coating, Seoul, 1993 (illustrated)
  • Die Geigen und Lautenmacher vom Mitteralter bis zur Gegenwart, Willibald Leo von Lütgendorff, Frankfurter Verlags-Anstalt, Frankfurt am Main, 1922 (illustrated)
  • Journal of the Violin Society of America, Vol. IX, No. 2, Gary Sturm, The Queens College Press, Flushing, New York, 1987 (illustrated)
  • Antonius Stradivarius, Cremona 1679, Ex-Hellier, Machold Rare Violins, 1998 (illustrated)
  • Journal of the Violin Society of America, Vol. V, No. 2, Gary Sturm, The Queens College Press, Flushing, New York, 1979 (illustrated)
  • Journal of the Violin Society of America, Vol. XVII, No. 2, Robert Bein, The Queens College Press, Flushing, New York, 1999 (illustrated)
  • Henry Hottinger Collection (illustrated)
  • How Many Strads?, Ernest N. Doring, William Lewis & Son, Chicago, 1945 (illustrated)
  • Italian Violin Makers (1964), Karel Jalovec, Paul Hamlyn, London, 1964 (illustrated)
  • Italian Violin-Makers (1952), Karel Jalovec, Orbis, Prague, 1952 (illustrated)
  • Italienische Geigenbauer (1957), Karel Jalovec, Artia, Prague, 1957 (illustrated)
  • La Casa Nuziale: The Home of Antonio Stradivari, 1667-1680, Arnaldo Baruzzi, W. E. Hill & Sons, London, 1962 (illustrated)
  • Meisterwerke Italienischer Geigenbaukunst, Fridolin Hamma, Hamma & Co., 1932 (illustrated)
  • The Strad, December, 1987, John Dilworth, London, 1987 (illustrated)
  • The Strad, September, 1987, London, 1987 (illustrated)
  • Private Archives - 10746
  • Loan Exhibition of Stringed Instruments and Bows Commemorating the 70th Birthday of Simone Fernando Sacconi, Schuler Verlagsgesellschaft, Stuttgart, 1966 (illustrated)
  • Sound Value
  • Stradivari, Stewart Pollens, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2010 (illustrated)
  • Stradivari Varnish: Scientific Analysis of his Finishing Technique on Selected Instruments, Stephen-Peter Greiner, 2010 (illustrated)
  • The 'Secrets' of Stradivari, Simone F. Sacconi, Eric Blot Edizioni, Cremona, 2000 (illustrated)
  • The Classic Bowed Stringed Instruments from the Smithsonian Institution, Gakken Co., Tokyo, 1986 (illustrated)
  • The Strad, October, 1965, London, 1965 (illustrated)
  • The Jacques Français Rare Violins, Inc. Photographic Archive and Business Records, 1844-1998, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
  • The Miracle Makers, Bein & Fushi, Chicago, 1998 (illustrated)
  • The Other Look of COLOMBIA http://www.theotherlookofcolombia.com/news.html
  • Violin Iconography of Antonio Stradivari 1644-1737, Herbert K. Goodkind, Larchmont, New York, 1972 (illustrated)
  • The Violin: Its physical and acoustic principles, Paolo Peterlongo, Paul Elek, London, 1979 (illustrated)
  • W. E. Hill & Sons Photographic Archive (illustrated)
  • W. E. Hill Business Records (1850 - 1990)
  • We Love Stradivari, NHK, 1988 (illustrated)
  • World of Strings, Fall, 1975, William Moennig & Son, Philadelphia, 1975 (illustrated)

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