Antonio Stradivari, Cremona, 1693, the 'Harrison'


Violin: 40039

Original label

Back: Two-piece maple with the flames sloping slightly downwards from the joint

Top: of fine grain

Ribs: of wood matching back

Varnish: Dark orange-red; plentiful

Length of back: 36.2 cm

Upper bouts: 16.2 cm

Lower bouts: 20.4 cm

There are 5 additional images in the archive which are not available publicly. Please contact us for more information.


Notes:

"Probably the greatest concert violin built before 1700, it is one of but half a dozen Strads to survive with its original neck. Shown in color as the frontispiece of the standard biography, Antonio Stradivari: His Life and Work (1644-1737), published in 1902 by William E. Hill & Sons of London. One of 44 instruments chosen for the international exhibition held in Cremona in 1987 to mark the 250th anniversary of Stradivari's death."


"Harrison was an English solicitor who owned the instrument in the 19th century, at a time many gentlemen played string quartet on Sunday afternoons to entertain themselves in homes," Larson says.

The Harrison was played, and its music recorded, in April 2002. Larson believes these instruments should be played once every generation, or about every 25 years.

The Harrison is one of a few 17th century Strads with its original neck. Many of those instruments were modernized. The neck was tilted to accommodate the tension of metal strings for a fuller sound. Often the original neck was thrown away. But on the Harrison, the neck was modified with a small piece of wood.

This summer about 50 instruments from the National Music Museum were taken to a hospital in Vermillion. The instruments were carefully held above a CT table to be scanned.

Violin maker John Waddle will analyze the scans. CT scans measure density. Waddle says scans show him detail he wouldn't be able to see unless he took an instrument apart. He can see the grains of a spruce, glue lines and patches. Modern technology allows him to see how an instrument was made.

"They might be thicker on one side than they are on the other, and that was kind of a surprise. We were taught in violin making school to make them very symmetrical, very careful thicknesses and graduations," says Waddle. "We're studying now, as we gather more data, is there some kind of pattern to this -- a symmetry -- or could it have been accidental? Were they just in a hurry or did they do this on purpose? Maybe that's one of the questions we'll be able to answer."

Waddle is hoping to answer other questions. He'd like to solve the age-old question of what kind of varnish Antonio Stradivari used. Many say this is the secret to the great sound. One theory is that he boiled the wood in shrimp shells. Waddle says there are other theories as well.

"He baked it, or he used some kind of wood from some species of tree that no longer exists. They just go on and on and on and a lot of them are just really ridiculous," says Waddle. "I think we'll be able to show that some of them just aren't true. And we might also be able to show that, really, the differences between a Strad and some of the best modern instruments aren't there -- they really aren't that different. There are some really awfully good instruments being made."


Emil Herrmann notes: ". . .almost minto condition. Tonally outstanding. . ."

The Jacques Français Rare Violins, Inc. Photographic Archive and Business Records, 1844-1998, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, The Jacques Français Rare Violins, Inc. Photographic Archive and Business Records, 1844-1998, Washington, DC

Provenance

- George Smart
- John Betts
until 1803 Philippe Lebon
1803 - 1804 John Betts
from 1804 Alexander Glennie
- John Betts
until 1892 Lord Arbuthnot
in 1892 Sold by W. E. Hill & Sons
1892 - 1907 Richard L. Harrison
until 1910 W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1910 Edwin C. Hodgkins
in 1913 Sold by W. E. Hill & Sons
from 1913 Richard Bennett
until 1934 W. E. Hill & Sons
... ...
in 1941 William Bardsley
until 1957 Emil Herrmann
1957 - 1965 Henry Hottinger
1965 - 1967 Rembert Wurlitzer Inc.
1967 - 1985 Kyung-Wha Chung
from 1984 Shrine to Music, National Music Museum, South Dakota

Known players

Kyung-Wha Chung

Certificates & Documents

  • Certificate: Bein & Fushi, Inc, Chicago, IL (1985)
  • Certificate: Emil Herrmann (1957)
  • Certificate: W. E. Hill & Sons, London (1934)

Cozio holds copies of many certificates and other documents, some of which are available to view on request. Please contact us if you wish to view a particular document. (Note that we do not always have permission to share documents.)

References

  • http://www.theluthierslibrary.com/ (illustrated)
  • The Strad 1993 Calendar, Orpheus Publications, London (illustrated)
  • 36 Famous Italian Violins, Alex Wasinski, Herman Gordon, New York (illustrated)
  • Antonio Stradivari: His Life & Work (1644-1737), W. Henry, Arthur F. & Alfred E. Hill, William E. Hill & Sons, London (illustrated)
  • Bein & Fushi 1986 Calendar, Bein & Fushi, Inc, Bein & Fushi, Chicago (illustrated)
  • Capolavori di Antonio Stradivari, Charles Beare, Arnoldo Mondadori S.p.A., Milan (illustrated)
  • The Strad, June, 1985, London (illustrated)
  • Henry Hottinger Collection (illustrated)
  • How Many Strads? (1999 edition), Doring, Bein & Fushi, Bein & Fushi, Chicago, 1999 (illustrated)
  • Journal of the Violin Society of America, Vol. IX, No. 3, Margaret Downie Banks, The Queens College Press, Flushing, NY (illustrated)
  • The 'Secrets' of Stradivari, Simone F. Sacconi, Eric Blot Edizioni, Cremona (illustrated)
  • The Jacques Français Rare Violins, Inc. Photographic Archive and Business Records, 1844-1998, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC (illustrated)
  • The Strad 2001 Calendar, Orpheus Publications, London (illustrated)
  • Violin Iconography of Antonio Stradivari 1644-1737, Herbert K. Goodkind, Larchmont, NY (illustrated)
  • The Strad, October, 2000, Roger Hargrave, Orpheus, London (illustrated)
  • W. E. Hill & Sons Photographic Archive (illustrated)
  • W. E. Hill Business Records (1850 - 1990)

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