1. Brown, M. H., Findeizen, N., History of Music in Russia from Antiquity to 1800, Volume 2: The Eighteenth Century (United States: Indiana University Press 2008).
2. Delfino’s fellow musicians at court included the Czech harpsichord player Arnošt Vančura, the French harpist Jean-Baptiste Cardon and the German clarinet virtuoso Joseph Beer.
3. The Violin Times. no.57. July, 1898.
4. In 1804 Teseo in Milano, in 1804 Nino in Brescia, in 1805 Il Matrimonio Interrotto in Milano, in 1806 Il Matrimonio in Brescia.
5. According to an article in The Violin Times in 1898, the young Delfino was given the Stradivari by his grandfather who had found it among the contents of a house he purchased in Cremona in the 1710s. This is a thrilling tale, but highly implausible.
6. In Cozio’s Proprietari di strumenti che vivono all’estero (instrument owners living abroad) he notes that in 1822 the cello was in Moscow with il Conte André Goudovich.
7. According to the 1898 Violin Times, Delfino had married and fathered a daughter in his earlier trip to Russia and upon his death he left the cello to Count Gudovitch who refused it as a gift and instead purchased it for 20,000 francs from Delfino’s daughter.
8. Dimitry Markevitch, Cello Story, trans. by Florence W. Seder (Princeton: Summy Birchard. 1984), 39.
9. Klaus Grunke, Josef P. Gabriel, and Yung Chin, The Bows of Nikolai Kittel (Cologne: Darling Publications, 2011), 261
10. Letter from Alfred Hill. November 22, 1938.
11. Other histories have mistakenly claimed that Markevitch sold the cello directly to Caressa in 1915, but he died on March 11, 1907 in Saint Petersburg.
12. Caressa records the cello’s extraordinary journey from St. Petersburg to Paris passing through Tornio, Finland; Trondheim, Norway; Hull, England; and Dunkerque, France.
13. “The Jacques Francais Rare Violins Inc. Business Records (1845-1938),” Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History, Archives Center, Box 55, folders 2 and 4, p. 203
14. Little is known about Rateau. But in 1916 he bought from Caressa an F. N. Voirin cello bow for 1,000 francs and an ex-Piatti Tourte cello bow for 2,500 francs.
15. To disguise the prices they paid and received, the firm used a cipher in their Sales Ledger. The ledger notes that they bought the ‘Markevich’ for rhxzx and sold it three months later for hxzxzx; the code word is harmonieux.
16. Manfred Pohl, Handbook on the History of European Banks (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 1994), 227.
18. Violins & Violinists, December, 1945, p. 52.
19. Frances Padorr Brent, The lost cellos of Lev Aronson (New York: Atlas & Co 2009), 191.
21. The Strad, December, 1979. p. 576.
22. The Strad, August, 1949. p 100. and Violins & Violinists, August-September, 1949. p 231.
23. The Strad, February, 1964. p 357.
24. Conversation with Elizabeth Markevitch, June 5, 2022.
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Biddulph, Peter, Chaudière, Frédéric & Dilworth, John, Antonio Stradivari – Catalogue of the 2008 Exhibit in Montpelier, Montpelier, Musée Fabre / Actes Sud, 2008.
Brown, M. H., Findeizen, N., History of Music in Russia from Antiquity to 1800, Volume 2: The Eighteenth Century, Indiana University Press, 2008.
Brendt, Frances Padorr, The Lost Cellos of Lev Aronson, New York : Atlas & Co 2009.
Frazier, Brandon, Memoirs of a Violin Collector, Gateway Press, Baltimore, 2007.
Grunke, Klaus, Gabriel, Josef P. & Chin, Yung, The Bows of Nikolai Kittel, Cologne, Darling Publications, 2011.
Hill, William Henry; Hill, Arthur Frederick; Hill, Alfred Ebsworth, Antonio Stradivari. His Life and Work (1644–1737), W.E. Hill & Sons, London, 1902.
Kogan, Oleg, “Young Guns”, The Strad, September, 1996.
Rattray, David, Masterpieces of Italian Violin Making, Balafon Books, London, 2000.
Rattray, David. “Markevitch cello, 1709”, The Strad, March, 1996
Reeves, W, “A Valuable Violoncello”, The Violin Times, No. 57 Vol V, London, 1898.
Rooney, Dennis, “Mastering Bach”, The Strad, April, 1999.
Sackman, Nicholas. “Paganini’s instrument legacy …”, 2021.
Seaman, Gerald, “Amateur Music-Making in Russia”, Music & Letters, Vol. 47, No. 3, OUP, 1966.
The Strad, Concert Reviews, August, 1949.
The Telegraph, “David Josefovitz, music entrepreneur – obituary”, 16 April 2015.
Violins & Violinists, August-September, 1949.